page contents TORAJA PEOPLE: 2009-05-24

Saturday, May 30, 2009

Toraja, Traditional Ceremonies

In the area of Tana Toraja Regency there are 2 custom ceremony that is very famous:
1. Custom ceremony
"Rambu Solo" '(for the funeral ceremony) with "Sapu Randanan" and "Tombi Saratu'" and "Ma'nene."

2. Custom ceremony "Rambu Tuka". The rites of the good habit "Rambu Tuka" and "Rambu Solo" followed by the art of dance art and music typical Toraja multiplicity it.

Why do people choose Toraja as a tourist destination. We ask a lot of travelers, and they all seemed to say the same. They came to Sulawesi (Celebes) and explore the Toraja good because I had heard such beautiful things for their friends or relatives, or they themselves had previously visited. And the people, culture and unspoiled beauty of Sulawesi in the majority.

Toraja, known for the unique culture and ancient tradition. Tourism is the heart of Ludhiana, 328 km by road from Makassar (about 8 hours)

The culture is a complex mixture of Toraja ancestral beliefs and animist rituals where the dead vary. The culture is unique, beautiful, soft and cool weather, Toraja The main reason for that is very popular as a tourist destination. Orchard will remain in mind that the earth mystery, magic and ancient tradition. This is one of the rare world's cultural treasures

The most spectacular of the Toraja is a death ritual. Place of burial is the most important ritual in the life of Toraja. It is based on a strong belief that the soul of the deceased journey to land on the south and in this land of immortality, which will have all the requirements of daily life in the hereafter, as when he lived in this world. Funeral ceremony is a festival that lasts for ten days with many services and entertainment. Animal sacrifices to ensure eternal life in the Hereafter and their descendants.

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Kete' Kesu

The number of buffalo horn hung in front of the house shows the state and owners of wealth. traditional rituals remain strong, especially after the funeral ceremony.

Kete'Kesu is one of the most papuler destination in Toraja. Kete'Kesu means the center of activity. Designation is in accordance with what we found in there. Having the Colony, the place of tombs and carvings. Center row of traditional houses called "Tongkonan", comes from the word "Tongkon", which means sit down together. Catenarian Tongkonan still inhabited and with each other, "Alang" (granary)

In Kete' Kesu there is also a sculptor-engraver engraving to create powerful custom house, wall decorations, souvenirs, and "tau-tau" (The statue is made like a person who died buried). In Kete'Kesu there are two types of tombs, the stone grave on the hill and grave form of the building. Grave stone on the hill this is very old. Bank is "elong" (chest) is obsolete and many of the bones, many bones in the natural into the open.

Specialties Kete' Kesu is a building that really is still the original, marked with a roof made of plaited bamboo. In the traditional buildings are new, many use the iron as a roof replacement webbing bambu.Di Kete' Kesu is all important elements in the cultural community Toraja, namely “Tongkonan” (home), “Alang” (granary), the grave, and the making of handicraft carving .

Kete'kesu located south of Rantepao, Toraja North Capital.

To achieve Kete'kesu able to use private vehicles or public transport from the market Bolu. Distance from the market Bolu Rantepao approximately 20 minutes

Price tickets in the location Kete'kesu Rp. 5,000 per person. However, if we go to Tongkonan that is still inhabited, photographs and interviews with any of them, sometimes just need to give money (IDR 5000 - 10000)

Friday, May 29, 2009

There is also another version that the word "Toraya" To = Tau = However, the origin (of people), Raya = of the word "Maraya" (great), that is, most people, nobles. Old-started Toraja has become the designation, and the words "Tana": the country, so that the resident Toraja tribe known then by Tana Toraja.


According to the myth, the ancestor of humans Toraja is derived from nirvana, the myths that still melegenda from generation to generation orally until now among the Toraja people of that description that people progenitor Toraja first use "ladder of heaven" to descend from Nirvana, which function as communication with the media Puang Matua (God Almighty - in the language of Toraja).

Toraja Mummy

The mummy mystery

As you go from Rantepao to Makale thence Pongtiku in Rantetayo Airport, turn right and go up gradually a path that leads you through a myriad of the most spectacular panoramic views. Ask the villagers in the village of Dende and direct you. You need good transport for this topic, as the road becomes a gravel and stone from the dirt road after having advanced a few kilometers from Rantetayo. Especially during the wet monsoon, have a four-wheel drive jeep or a motorcycle track and a guide.

The road to Dende takes you through the hills near Madandan Makale and brilliant, becoming steep mountain, with terraced rice fields and hilly views. The vegetation gradually changes from lush green valleys in the soft green and more modest in the mountains where most of the pines (buangin) grow ferns and mountain. Nature, as anywhere in Toraja, is plentiful and you'll have a good chance to observe some of the many species of kidnapping a common Toraja, the Brahminy kite or Crested Serpent Eagle.

In the village of Dende asks the head of the village (Kepala Desa) and to show that the mummy is kept in his house. The mummy is said to be over a hundred years, and the locals say it is a child. The head, however, is surprisingly small for the body, and that looks more like a small adult instead of a child. It is a very well-dressed man of about 90 cm in whose skin still intact, with a slightly protruding teeth and perfect hair and a little worn. His fingers bent from beneath the sleeves and put the villagers to keep the coins in their hands as a sign of reverence or hope for good fortune and blessing. People who gathered around us as we were taking pictures, said the mummy was 10 cm high and is used to fit perfectly into your little red 'crib'.

Everyone is asking about the mummy. Why has fallen and why has never shown signs of deterioration? As far as the villagers can remember, has never been against any smell either. One explanation might be that in the olden days, before the introduction of Christianity, the body of the sick person is treated according to Animists Aluk Dolo rules to prevent the decay of the body. This practice continued even after the arrival of the Dutch missionary, but then it was done through the injection of formalin. Nobody talked to us, however, could confirm either version, and the history of the mummy cut remains a mystery.

Ranking ceremony Rambu Solo

Ceremony Rambu Solo divided into 4 levels based on a social level Toraja, namely:

1. Dipasang Bongi: the funeral ceremony was conducted in just one night.
2. Dipatallung Bongi: the funeral ceremony held for three nights and the deceased took place at home and do the cutting of animals.
3. Dipalimang Bongi: the funeral ceremony held for five nights and implemented around the house and the animals killed to make the cut.
4. Dipapitung Bongi: the funeral ceremony held for seven nights at the cutting is done every day the animals.

Rambu Solo is habitual the ritual society of Tolls Toraja of the death that aims to respect the alcohol and to the people that give death to the alcohol, that becomes to immortality with its ancestors in a tourist center of health, Puya calls, that is located in the south where people live. The ceremony often also is called the ceremony of the accomplishment of the death. Therefore one says, because they consider the people who really died new dead after all the procession of the ceremony is satisfied. If no, then they considered the person who only died like the “weak”or “patient”, and he still tried like alive people, that is to say the bed and the given plates of the food and the water laining down. in, even the chat.
Therefore, local people consider this ceremony very important, because the ceremony of the perfection will determine the position of this alcohol is the person who died, as if the alcohol soul often come (bombo), the soul it reaches the level of Gods (membali puang), or makes a deity the landlord (deata). Against this background, the ritual solo signature in “having”, so that the community in any will perform him Tolls Toraja of the way as form of presentation to their parents who died.
Certain ritual samples of “Rambu solo” Hilarity by the social situation of the family who died, measured by the number of sacrificed animal. Plus the buffalo of is slaughtered., the social situation more discharge. Generally, to the noble families, the number of buffalo that is slaughtered ties the reach between 24-100, whereas the average range of 8 tails of the buffalo added 50 pigs. Previously, the ceremony can be only realized by the noble family. Nevertheless, according to the development of economic, social layers slope or the position is based not more on, but they are based on the education level and they vulnerable economic. At the moment, much people of the people of Toraja of the social layers normal to get to be rich, so she can realize this ceremony.

The tip of the ceremony is called the solo ceremony of Rante of the light lead in a “special field”. Rante in this ceremony is there varies series of rituals that they always attract visitors, such as to pack the corpse (ma'tudan, mebalun), placing the ornaments of the thread and the silver of gold in the chest (ma'roto), the diminution is to bury for the barn (ma'popengkalo), and the one of process remains to the last one pengusungan of the health (ma'palao).
Interesting, disembelih of a way that is very unique and is people typical Tolls Toraja, that is to say neck of the buffalo of the buffalo cut with one hardly tebasan. They type the buffalo of disembelih that the buffalo is not normal, only bule of the buffalo (bonga tedong) that the ranks of prices between 10-50 million perekor. In addition, there is also a very imposing landscape, when the convoy is being pelayat the corpse to accompany Puya, to seem of a distance a long red giant of the scarf of the cloth extends it between pelayat.
Town of Bonoran, Ke'te Kesu’ of the town, district of the Kesu’, Sub-Province Tana Toraja, Sulawesi of the south, Indonesia.

It tolls Toraja North is located of approximately 350 kilometers of Makassar. Ravel de Macassar to Tolls Toraja can use the air and earth routes. The trajectory less than adopted the Earth with the private vehicles and the public transport during labih 8 hours, whereas the lines of air go with the pioneering flight by 2 hours. at arrival in Tolls Toraja, direct visitors to the city of Padang District.From this city to the Bonoran town, adopted at the time of trip of 30 minutes with a distance of 4 kilometers using a public vehicle.